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Новость! Как правительство Австралии видит будущее иммиграции

Тема в разделе "Иммиграция в Австралию", создана пользователем Жизнь, 2 май 2018.

  1. Жизнь

    Жизнь Администратор Команда форума

    Сообщения:
    1.495
    Город:
    МС, МП, СС, Земля
    Цель:
    Австралия
    Баллы:
    65
    EOI:
    9.02.2017
    № Визы:
    189/190
    Читаем и размышляем.

    SHAPING A NATION Population growth and immigration over time
    The Treasury Department of Home Affairs

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  2. Жизнь

    Жизнь Администратор Команда форума

    Сообщения:
    1.495
    Город:
    МС, МП, СС, Земля
    Цель:
    Австралия
    Баллы:
    65
    EOI:
    9.02.2017
    № Визы:
    189/190
    Основной вывод исследования - миграция уже сто лет двигает экономику Австралии. Но при этом создает свои проблемы (пробки, перенаселение определенных городов, стоимость жилья, расходы на социалку). Не нашел пока мысли, что можно ограничить миграцию беженцев / family и некоторые другие, но при этом увеличить skilled migration - самую полезную, судя даже по отчету.

    Conclusion:
    The history of Australia is the history of its population. In particular, Australia has been shaped by successive waves of migration. Following World War II, Australia opened its doors, and in the name of nation building, or ‘populate or perish’, welcomed in the first major wave of migrants, many from the war-torn countries of Europe. Over time, the focus of migration shifted, and instead of targeting a growing population, the goal became to support a growing economy. In the mid-1990s, the migration program was significantly expanded and the focus on attracting highly skilled migrants was strengthened. Since that time, migration has comprised more than half of Australia’s population growth, similar to some of the previous peaks in migration in the 1940s, 1960s and 1980s. Migration has, in many ways, shaped Australia’s culture and economy. Australia’s focus on skilled migration has demonstrated positive effects for economic growth, because our migrants on average lift potential GDP and GDP per capita through all of the three Ps of population, participation and productivity. In particular, migration has played an important role in ameliorating and delaying the adverse effects of our ageing population. Further, migrants generate jobs and economic opportunities for the population more broadly, because they lift aggregate demand through consumption and investment. Temporary migrants also lift our exports, particularly in the education sector. The movement of people (migration) mirrors trade in goods and services in the benefits it can bring to an economy. In general, migrants bring with them productive skills and preferences for goods and services that are different to those of the local-born population. These differences generate wealth that would otherwise not exist by enabling specialisation. In contrast to international trade, migration realises these benefits onshore rather than being conducted across borders. As such, the gains from migration will be greater than the gains from international trade in goods and services when the migrant has access to more opportunities or resources in Australian than in their home country. A bigger population brings challenges, in the form of congestion, pressure on the environment, and additional demand in key markets like housing. These pressures exist regardless of migration, but a growing population exacerbates existing pressures, particularly if policy and planning efforts by Commonwealth, State and Local Governments do not keep pace. Migration has also shaped the nature of our society, with 49 per cent of Australia’s population either a migrant or the child of a migrant. Australians have consistently shown high levels of support for migration, and the benefits it has brought. Treasury and the Department of Home Affairs would welcome further analysis of the issues considered in this paper. Suggestions of topics that would benefit from further research have been included on the following page.
     
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